Thomas Aquinas 1225–March 7, 1274
Some of the influences Thomas Aquinas’ life and writings have had.
1. Thomas Aquinas looked at Christianity using Greek thought and philosophy, specifically that of Aristotle.
“Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.”— Colossians 2:8
2. Using Greek thought, Aquinas justified the unbiblical doctrine of transubstantiation which says the bread becomes Jesus’ body and the wine his blood each time communion (the eucharist) is taken, resulting in Jesus being continually sacrificed.
“For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.”—Romans 6:10
“By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”—Hebrews 10:10
3. The Council of Trent gave Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica equal standing with the Bible and Decretals (letters of the Pope which formulated decisions in ecclesiastical law). Thomas Aquinas himself viewed sacred doctrine as both Scripture and the tradition of the Catholic Church.
“And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.”—Luke 4:4
“…for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.”
4. My understanding is that Thomas Aquinas believed that when Adam and Eve fell in the garden, their intellect, mind or reason was not affected by their sin. This explains to me some of the emphasis on scholasticism, intellectualism, and elevation of man’s mind and reason that I have encountered over the years in certain belief systems.
“Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.”—Romans 8:7
“Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”
“This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind.”—Ephesians 4:17
“Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.”
—1 Corinthians 8:1
5. It was reported that Aquinas had mystic experiences including levitating and an appearance from the “Blessed Virgin.”
“But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.”—Galatians 1:8
“Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind.”—Colossians 2:18