Monthly Archives: July 2008

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 5 B cont’d: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

Pope Benedict revives The Tridentine Mass from 1570–1572, ok’d by the Council of Trent, contained in the 1962 Roman Missal

Pope Poised To Revive Latin Mass, Official Says
By Alan Cooperman 10/13/2006

Old rite wins new Mass appeal July 30, 2007

“Don’t pray at Holy Mass, but pray the Holy Mass.”
Pope Saint Pius X

Listing of Latin Mass Churches and Communities
This page was updated on January 9, 2012. “…Extraordinary form of the Roman Rite (previously called the Latin, traditional or Tridentine Mass per the 1962 Missal) in the USA and Canada.

Mel Gibson and the Latin Mass
Exactly what type of Catholic is Mel Gibson?
“…Several years ago, Mel Gibson told the press: ”I go to an all-pre-Vatican II Latin mass…”

“According to various sources, Gibson shares many beliefs of the Traditionalist Catholic movement which rejects some or all reforms started by the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s.

“…Mel Gibson funded the construction of a church not affiliated with the local Roman Catholic diocese, the Holy Family Chapel in Agoura, California. This church conducts a Latin mass and observes Traditionalist Catholic doctrine.”

‘The Passion’…for its author, is a Mass 2/18/2004
Vittorio Messori on Mel Gibson’s Work

The Passion of Mel Gibson 02/20/04
Why evangelicals are cheering a movie with profoundly Catholic sensibilities. by David Neff

The Return of the Latin Mass October 12, 2006
By Jeff Israely, Rome and David Van Biema, New York

The Roman Church still believes the Eucharist is
Jesus’ real body and real blood

John Paul 2 and the Eucharist
On the Mystery and Worship of the Eucharist
Promulgated by Pope John Paul II on February 24, 1980
“…Therefore in eucharistic Communion we receive Christ, Christ Himself; and our union with Him…brings it about that in Him we are also associated in the unity of His body which is the Church.

Only in this way…is there brought about that building up of the Church, which in the Eucharist truly finds its “source and summit,” according to the well-known expression of the Second Vatican Council.[18]”

On the Way to Jesus Christ
by Joseph Ratzinger, Current Pope

This book…concludes with reflections on Jesus’ Presence in the Holy Eucharist, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church’s presentation of the Christian mystery as seen through the Catechism’s dynamic view of Sacred Scripture.

Chapter 6. Daily Bread and Eucharistic Bread:
A meditation for the Feast of Corpus Christi
Chapter 7. Eucharist–Communio–Solidarity:
Christ Present and Active in the Blessed Sacrament

On the Eucharist, “‘Treasure’ of the Church”
From Benedict XVI’s address at Vatican City,
June 18, 2006.

“The Eucharist is, in fact, the “treasure” of the Church, the precious heritage that her Lord has left her. And the Church guards this heritage with the greatest care, celebrating it daily in the holy Mass, adoring it in churches and chapels, distributing it to the sick, and as viaticum to those on their last journey.

“…the Eucharist is the Lord Jesus…

“…the Eucharist also has cosmic value: The transformation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ constitutes, in fact, the principle of divinization of creation itself.

“This is why the feast of Corpus Christi is characterized particularly by the tradition of carrying the Blessed Sacrament in procession, a gesture full of meaning.

“By carrying the Eucharist through the streets and squares, we wish to submerge the bread descended from heaven in the everyday of our lives; we want Jesus to walk where we walk; to live where we live. Our world, our lives, must become his temple…

“Mary is the “Eucharistic woman…Let us pray to the Virgin that all Christians may deepen their faith in the Eucharistic mystery, so that they live in constant communion with Jesus…”

College Student steals “Jesus” (the consecrated host)
The Student That Stole The Body of Christ
University of Central Florida student, Webster Cook, took the Eucharist, a small wafer that represents the Body of Christ during communion, out of the church to show a friend a sample of the wafer. Now the student claims that he fears for his life, reporting that he has received death threats and other disturbing messages from Catholic enthusiasts…

Catholic League comments:
Florida Student Abuses Eucharist July 7, 2008
“…Catholic League president Bill Donohue offered the following remarks today:
“For a student to disrupt Mass by taking the Body of Christ hostage—regardless of the alleged nature of his grievance—is beyond hate speech. That is why the UCF administration needs to act swiftly and decisively in seeing that justice is done. All options should be on the table, including expulsion.”

“Body Of Christ’ Returned To Church After Student Receives Email Threats: July 9, 2008 Orange County, FL

The Roman Catholic Church wants All, Everyone (that means YOU) to celebrate the Eucharist as “Jesus’ Real blood and body”

Ecumenism ultimately points toward a common Eucharist,
Pope tells Christians
Sydney, July 18, 2008 (CNA)
Fifteen leaders of the Australian Christian church met the Pope in an Ecumenical event held in the St. Mary’s Cathedral Crypt on Friday morning. In his address to the church leaders, Benedict XVI called on them to not view doctrine as divisive since that view can prevent Christians from working to improve the world…

While Baptism is the starting point for ecumenical dialogue, the Pope said that, “The road of ecumenism ultimately points towards a common celebration of the Eucharist. We can be sure that a common Eucharist one day would only strengthen our resolve to love and serve one another in imitation of our Lord.”

God’s WORD

    “They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.”
    —Psalm 82:5

    “They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.”—Psalm 14:3

    “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,”—Luke 4:18 (Isaiah 61:1)

    “For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.”—Luke 19:10

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 B: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

God’s WORD

    “A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

    “By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.”—John 13:34

    “But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.”—Matthew 23:13

    “And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.”—Luke 22:25

Are the Council of Trent’s anathemas still in force? Does the Roman Church still believe the Eucharist is Jesus’ real blood and body?
The last post discussed the Council of Trent’s anathemas and what happened to those who would not agree that the Eucharist was Jesus’ body and blood. What about Now?

Because the church of Rome believes they are the only true church and salvation comes from them, not only are the anathema’s still legal, but there is a push towards uniting the whole world through the Eucharist.

The anathema’s have never been revoked

“I can find nothing in the Code [of 1983] now in force that explicitly or implicitly removes any anathemas of Trent.”
—Mr. Charles M. Wilson, an associate member of the Canon Law Society of America and president of the St. Joseph Foundation

The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition is now The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

“The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition” established in 1542, was staffed by Dominican cardinals and other officials whose task it was “to maintain and defend the integrity of the faith and to examine and proscribe errors and false doctrines.”

As of 1983, the name is “The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith” (CDF). The current pope was the head of the Congregation
(as it is sometimes called) before becoming Pope Benedict.

From “grand inquisitor” to pope: Peter Schwarz 4/21/2005
“…In 1981, three years after his appointment as pope, John Paul called upon Ratzinger to take up the position of supreme guardian
of the faith in Rome…”

The Roman Church has never disowned it’s right to persecute

[The Congregation of Inquisition] served as the final court of appeal in trials of heresy…[and] remained one of the most feared offices in 16th century Europe, and elsewhere in the Catholic world, due especially to its use of torture and execution, including immolation.

“…In short, no blame attaches to the Church for her behavior towards heresy in those rude days. On the whole, the Inquisition was humanely conducted…”—Inquisition

“The duty proper to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is to promote and safeguard the doctrine on the faith and morals throughout the Catholic world: for this reason everything which in any way touches such matter falls within its competence.”
Article 48 of the Apostolic Constitution promulgated by Pope John Paul II on June 28, 1988

“…for punishment does not take place primarily and per se for the correction and good of the person punished, but for the public good in order that others may become terrified and weaned away from the evils they would commit.”—Directorium Inquisitorum

Infallible Rome

The Roman Catholic Church, their dogma, the pope (including his ex cathedra declarations), the bishops dispersed throughout the world in union with the Holy See, the magisterium (the teaching body) and ecumenical councils are all infallible according to RCC doctrine.
Infallibility, Infallibility of the Church, Papal Inallibility,
Magisterium, Roman Catholic Dogma

The RC Church says salvation comes only from them, the true and universal church; others are separated brethren because of their stance on the Eucharist

The Dominus Iesus declaration says there is “No Salvation outside the church.” It was declared and approved by the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, signed by then Cardinal Ratzinger and then secretary Archbishop Bertone and aproved by John Paul II, Published August 6, 2000.

“…Above all else, it must be firmly believed that “the Church, a pilgrim now on earth, is necessary for salvation…The Church is the “universal sacrament of salvation…”—The official text of the document from the Congregation for the doctrine of the faith #20

Catholicism is only path to salvation, says pope
By Nicole Winfield Associated Press writer, July 11, 2007
“Pope Benedict XVI reasserted the primacy of the Roman Catholic Church, approving a document released Tuesday that says other Christian communities are either defective or not true churches and Catholicism provides the only true path to salvation.

“…The new document—formulated as five questions and answers—restates key sections of a 2000 text the pope wrote when he was prefect of the congregation, “Dominus Iesus,” which riled Protestant and other Christian denominations because it said they were not true churches but merely ecclesial communities and therefore did
not have the “means of salvation.”

Pope: Other denominations not true churches
Benedict issues statement asserting that Jesus established
‘only one church.’—MSNBC News Services July 10, 2007

Encyclical Letter “Ecclesia de Eucharistia” of His Holiness Pope
John Paul II…On the Eucharist in Its Relationship to the Church
(April 17, 2003)

30. …”The Ecclesial Communities separated from us lack that fullness of unity with us which should flow from Baptism, and
we believe that especially because of the lack of the sacrament
of Orders they have not preserved the genuine and total reality
of the Eucharistic mystery…

The Catholic faithful, therefore, while respecting the religious convictions of these separated brethren, must refrain from receiving the communion distributed in their celebrations, so as not to condone an ambiguity about the nature of the Eucharist…

Vatican II presented Roman Catholic beliefs in more eccumenical terms, but did not change the teachings of the church

Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II
Vatican II, (the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church), opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. Four future popes were present:
Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini—Paul VI
Bishop Albino Luciani—John Paul I
Bishop Karol Wojtyła—John Paul II
Joseph Ratzinger (35), present as a theological consultant—current Pope Benedict XVI.

“…The Second Vatican Council…presented the basic elements of the Catholic faith in a more understandable, pastoral language, without changing the teachings of the Church.
—Wolfgang Beinert Lexikon der katholischen Dogmatik, Herder, Freiburg, 1988 p. 89

Pope condemned pentecostals and other sects as rapacious wolves

Pope to Visit ‘Pentecostalized’ Brazil
…In his opening address to the fourth general conference of Latin American bishops, which was held in the Dominican Republic in 1992, the normally ecumenical Pope John Paul II condemned pentecostal and other sects as “rapacious wolves” who are devouring Latin American Catholics and “causing division and discord in our communities.”—by Luis Lugo, May 9, 2007

John Paul cries ‘wolf:’ misreading the Pentecostals

Edward L. Cleary 1992

Hispanics turn evangelical, Christian Century, December 14, 1994

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 5 B cont’d: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part A cont’d: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then

God’s WORD

    “But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.

    “As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.”—Galatians 1:8, 9

    “Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.”—1 Peter 3:9

    “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.”—Matthew 10:28

Note: This list is very abbreviated as are the biographies. There is much more to the story of these godly men who believed God’s Word and did not render evil for evil.

A few who were killed because they would not believe Jesus’ real body and blood were in the Eucharist

John Badby, a tailor and layman March 1409
“…they demanded of him what he believed about the bread. John answered that it was hallowed bread, and not God’s body. A tun (beer cask) was put over him, and a fire set.

And when he felt the fire, he cried, Mercy! calling belike upon the Lord. The prince immediately commanded to take away the tun, and quench the fire and asked him if he would forsake heresy, to take him to the faith of holy church…

When Mr. Badby refused, the prince commanded him straight to be put again into the pipe or tun…

Illustration of the horrible burning of John Badby.

John Oldcastle, Lollard leader 1417
“…Oldcastle…insisted the bread was still bread (did not become the literal body of Christ)…

[Oldcastle was] condemned as heretic for denying transubstantiation and “hung and burnt hanging” in St Giles’s Fields, London, 1417. Wood engraving.

Six Articles Act of 1539 in England revived death by burning as a penalty for denying transubstantiation.
Because of this act many, often quite humble folk were tried by Church courts and tried according to whether they believed the wafer used in the Mass was changed in substance at its consecration into Christ Himself bodily. If they said the host and wine were NOT the real Jesus, they were burnt alive…

John Rogers 1555
“I was asked whether I believed in the sacrament to be the very body and blood of our Savior, Christ, that was born of the Virgin Mary and hanged on the cross really and substantially.

I answered, ‘I think it could be false. I cannot understand really and substantially to signify otherwise then corporeally, but corporeally Christ is only in heaven and so Christ cannot be corporeally in your sacrament.’ And therefore he was condemned and burned.”—John Rogers, from Foxe’s book of Martyrs.

Dr. Rowland Taylor, a pastor 1555
“My second cause why I was condemned an heretic is, that I denied Transubstantiation and Concomitation (meaning-that the bread/wine body/blood of Christ literally coexist together with one another at the
same time),

“two juggling words of the papists, by the which they do believe, and will compel all other to believe, that Christ’s natural body is made of bread, and the Godhead by and by to be joined thereunto;

“so that immediately after the words called ‘the words of consecration,’ there is no more bread and wine in the sacrament, but the substance only of the body and blood of Christ together with his Godhead…

“This matter was not long debated in words: but because I denied the aforesaid papistical doctrine (yea rather, plain, most wicked, idolatry, blasphemy and heresy), I was judged a heretic.

“I did also affirm the pope to be antichrist, and popery antichristianity. And
I confessed the doctrine of the Bible to be sufficient doctrine, touching all and singular matters of Christian religion, and of salvation.”—Dr. Taylor

Dr. Rowland Taylor was convicted and burned at the stake for heresy.

Derek Carver of Brighton July 22, 1555
“Ye think ye can make a God. Ye make a pudding.” He said this at his trial in St Mary’s Church-Over-the-Water. Derek was burnt at Lewes on 22nd July 1555.

William Wolsey and Robert Piggot, October 16, 1555
“The sacrament of the altar was an idol and the natural body and blood of Christ were not present in the said sacrament and to this opinion they said they would stick, believing the same to be no heresy, that they had affirmed but the very truth, whereupon they would stand.”

They were burnt at Ely, Cambridgeshire on 16th October 1555.

Nicholas Ridley, English clergyman, died 1555
“White told Ridley that he had been condemned as a heretic…for denying the Real Presence, that there could be no further argument about this, and that unless Ridley recanted he would be condemned and burned as a heretic; but he urged Ridley to acknowledge Papal Supremacy and the Real Presence, and told him that the queen would pardon him if he recanted.

“Ridley refused to recant, denounced both Papal Supremacy and the Real Presence, and asked to be allowed to address the court and justify his attitude.”

“Ridley spoke a bit, but then was forced to quit speaking and White condemned Ridley as a heretic…

“Ridley…denied that the sacrament of the altar (Eucharist) was the true and natural body and blood of Christ, and said that after the words of consecration, it was really bread and wine which remained. For this, Ridley was condemned and burned.”—Bloody Mary’s Martyrs: The Story of England’s Terror
by Jasper Ridley p. 113

Maerten Janss, Corn Porter,
Jan Hendrickss of Swartewael, Steersman, February 5, 1572

“Both men were condemned to death with fire by the judges of the city of Delft…

“They also hold very evil views concerning the mass, despising and utterly rejecting the holy sacrament of the altar…”

Maerten and Jan were “to be led upon the scaffold erected in the marketplace of this city, and there to be tied to a stake and burned till death ensues…

“We furthermore declare all their property confiscated and forfeited for the benefit of his royal majesty…

“Done the fifth of February, A. D. 1572, Delft Style.”
—Extracted from the first book of criminal sentences, fol. 195, preserved in the archives of the city of Delft, 23d of August, A. D. 1659.

George Bucker, also called Adam Damlip,
was drawn, hanged and quartered for his preaching against transubstantiation and the propitiatory sacrifice of the mass.

God’s WORD

    “O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.”
    —Psalm 84:12

    “Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.”—Romans 12:19

    “Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

    “Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.—Isaiah 55:6, 7

    “I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.”—John 12:46

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 B: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 A: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then

God’s WORD

    “If ye love me, keep my commandments.”—John 14:15

    “This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.”—John 15:12

    “Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words…”—John 14:23

Council of Trent and Anathemas against unbelief in the Real Presence in the Eucharist
Between December 1545 and December 1563, the Council of Trent (the 19th Ecumenical Council) defined Roman Church Doctrine and then listed Anathemas—judgment and condemnation against anyone who did not agree.

An infallible teaching by a pope or ecumenical council is considered definitive and binding and usually has an accompanying anathema (formal curse by a pope or a council of the Church), stating that anyone who deliberately dissents is outside the Catholic Church…

Anathema pronouncement ceremony
The Pope in a purple cope, held a lighted candle, and was joined by twelve priests, each with a lighted candle. The anathema concluded with these words:

Wherefore in the name of God the All-powerful, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, of Blessed Peter…

we deprive (Name) himself and all his accomplices and all his abettors of the Communion of the Body and Blood of Our Lord,

we separate him from the society of all Christians,

we exclude him from the bosom of our Holy Mother the Church in Heaven and on earth,

we declare him excommunicated and anathematized and we judge him condemned to eternal fire with Satan and his angels and all the reprobate,

so long as he will not burst the fetters of the demon, do penance and satisfy the Church; we deliver him to Satan to mortify his body, that his soul may be saved on the day of judgment.

The priests respond: “Fiat, fiat, fiat” (Let it be done), and all, including the pontiff, cast their lighted candles on the ground.

Notice is sent in writing to the priests and neighbouring bishops of the name of the one who has been thus excommunicated and the cause of his excommunication, in order that they may have no communication with him.

Although he is delivered to Satan and his angels, he can still, and is even bound to repent.

On the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist; Excerpts from the Text of the Council of Trent

Anathemas condemning anyone that rejects the Most Holy Eucharist or its Adoration

“If any one denieth, that, in the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist, are contained truly, really, and substantially, the body and blood together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently the whole Christ; but saith that He is only therein as in a sign, or in figure, or virtue; let him be anathema.”—Thirteenth Session CANON I

“If any one saith, that, in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist, Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, is not to be adored with the worship…neither to be venerated with a special festive solemnity, nor to be solemnly borne about in processions…or, is not to be proposed publicly to the people to be adored, and that the adorers thereof are idolators; let him be anathema.”—Thirteenth Session CANON VI

Anathema condemning anyone who does not believe in Transubstantiation

If any one saith, that, in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist, the substance of the bread and wine remains conjointly with the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denieth that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood—the species Only of the bread and wine remaining—which conversion indeed the Catholic Church most aptly calls Transubstantiation; let him be anathema. Thirteenth Session CANON II

The Roman Catholic Church justifies repressive measures against those who did not believe the Eucharist is Christ’s real blood and real body
Basing their beliefs on “infallible” church doctrine, popes, church fathers, tradition, and scripture they have twisted, the Roman Catholic church’s leaders and councils, completely disregarded Jesus command to love one another and ones enemies, and justified their torturing and burning to death of fathers, mothers, children, even annihilating whole groups of people because they
would not agree with Roman Church doctrine.

“… for punishment does not take place primarily and per se for the correction and good of the person punished, but for the public good in order that others may become terrified and weaned away from the evils they would commit.”—Directorium Inquisitorum, edition of 1578, Book 3, page 137, (translated from Latin)

There is no room in the constitution of the Roman church “for private judgment sorting essentials from non-essentials.” It is
seen as “revolt against a Divinely constituted authority.”

“All repressive measures cause suffering or inconvenience of some sort…But they are not therefore cruel…Opponents say: Precisely; the rigours of the Inquisition violated all humane feelings. We answer: they offend the feelings of later ages in which there is
less regard for the purity of faith…”

“…all those are damned who see the Sacrament of the Body of Christ which is consecrated on the altar in the form of bread and wine by the words of our Lord in the hands of the priest, and do not see or believe in spirit and in God that this is really the most holy Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.”—Francis of Assisi

“…It is the spiritual mystery that unites the Eucharist to us…Yet some heretics disclaim the truth of the presence of Christ in the Eucharist. To some, it appears scandalous to eat the flesh and drink the blood of Christ… The body of Christ is not related to place…It is not divided into parts, but is entire in every single one…Every consecrated bread is converted into the entire Body of Christ.”—Aquinas, From Summa Contra Gentiles, Book 4, Chapters 61 to 69

In the next post (5A continued) I am going to list just a very few of the people killed for the “heresy” of not believing the Eucharist was Jesus’ real body and blood. Often, there was more than one “heresy” charge, such as believing salvation was by faith alone, believing the Bible was the only authority or not baptizing babies.

Is it reasonable to kill or torture people, even wiping out whole groups because they do not agree that the host and wine become Jesus’ real body and real blood? That is not Jesus’ way.

    “But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;”—Matthew 5:44

Part 5A Continued

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 4: Thomas à Kempis’ “The Imitation of Christ”

    “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like
    the most High.”—Isaiah 14:14

    “And then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ;
    or, lo, he is there; believe him not:

    “For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall
    shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible,
    even the elect.”—Mark 13:21, 22

    “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;”—2 Timothy 4:3

    “That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight
    of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”—Ephesians 4:14

Meister Eckhart, Gerard Groote and Brothers of the Common Life
“Simply defined, mysticism is the immediate experience of oneness with God. It is this experience that characterized the teaching of Meister Eckhart (1260–1327), who sparked a mystical movement in western Germany.

“Eckhart was a well-educated Dominican theologian…whose message on the union of the soul with God was typical of mysticism. According to Eckhart, such a union was attainable by all who pursued it wholeheartedly. Eckhart’s movement spread from Germany into the Low Countries, where it took on a new form called the Modern Devotion, founded by Gerard Groote (1340–1384).

“After a religious conversion, Groote entered a monastery for several years of contemplation before reentering the world. His messages were typical of a practical mysticism. To achieve true spiritual communion with God, people
must imitate Jesus and lead lives dedicated to serving the needs of their fellow
human beings…

“Eventually, Groote attracted a group of followers who came to be known as
the Brothers of the Common Life…They also established schools throughout Germany and the Netherlands in which they stressed their message of imitating
the life of Jesus by serving others…”
—Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715, by Jackson J. Spielvogel, p. 303

Thomas à Kempis, The Imitation of Christ
At age 15, Thomas à Kempis (1380–1471) went to a school conducted by the Brethren of the Common Life. Thomas, thought to be the the author of the
short devotional book, The Imitation of Christ, was a follower of Geert Groote mentioned above, and Florentius Radewijns, the founders of the Brethren
of the Common Life.

The Imitation of Christ, first published anonymously, in Latin, ca. 1418,
is a short manual of devotion, named for the title of the first of four books.
TIOC was heavily influenced by the mystic goal of oneness with God and the
Modern devotion of Gerard Groote and the Brothers of the Common Life.

Thomas was apparently (accidentally) buried alive, in that splinters were later found embedded under the fingernails of his corpse. He was denied canonization on the grounds that a saint would not fight death in this way.
—Wilkins, R.: A History of Man’s Obsession and Fears, 1990

A couple sources claim that The Imitation of Christ is second to the Bible in
being widely read. The Imitation of Christ is praised by Protestants and Roman Catholics; the Jesuits give it an official place among their “exercises;” and it is in full conformity with the Catholic faith both of the time it was written and with the Catholic faith today.

The teaching in The Imitation of Christ is 180-out (the complete opposite) of what is taught in God’s Word. TIOC with its major wresting of scripture, is a very contemplative book, focused on suffering, doing good works to appease God and be holy, guilt trips from the Voice of Christ who was unkind and demanding to the Disciple, and references a number of Roman Catholic doctrines such as purgatory, as well as other unbiblical thinking.

But mostly, TIOC promotes the actual eating of Jesus’ body in the Eucharist
(in a very sensual manner, alluding to a physical marriage relationship to God)
as the way to be holy and become Jesus (have oneness/union/divinity with god). One can apparently eat “Jesus” and achieve holiness and divinity, but never be completely forgiven of sins.

God’s WORD

    “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”—Romans 6:23

    “Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.”
    —John 17:17

I have included a few quotes (PG-13) from the 18 short chapters in An Invitation to the Holy Communion, one of the four short books in TIOC. In these few chapters, a harsh, condescending Voice of Christ instructs a Disciple on how to have oneness with God through the Holy Communion (Eucharist) by eating the real body and the real blood of Jesus, doing good works, and what sounds like eucharistic adoration.

This is not the Jesus of the Bible, but another Jesus and another gospel. To me, the book destroys confidence in the goodness and kindness of the Lord and His Word, presenting Man’s Word and experience as an alternative—isn’t that what the serpent did in the garden?

excerpts: An Invitation to the Holy Communion from
Imitation of Christ by Thomas à Kempis

Chapter 3. It Is Profitable To Receive Communion Often
The Disciple
“…my heart desires to be united with You. Give me Yourself…You Who have
left Yourself in this Sacrament for the consolation of the faithful…

Chapter 7. The Examination of Conscience and the Resolution
to Amend

The Voice of Christ
“…For there is no more worthy offering, no greater satisfaction for washing away sin than to offer yourself purely and entirely to God with the offering
of the Body of Christ in Mass and Communion.

Chapter 8. The Offering of Christ on the Cross; Our Offering
The Voice of Christ
Offer yourself to Me, therefore, and give yourself entirely for God…I even
gave My whole Body and Blood for food that I might be all yours, and you
Mine forever.

Chapter 12. The Communicant Should Prepare Himself for Christ with Great Care
The Voice of Christ
“…You have need of Me. I do not need you…You come to be sanctified and united with Me…

Chapter 13. With All Her Heart the Devout Soul Should Desire Union with Christ in the Sacrament
The Disciple
“…Surely there is no other people so fortunate as to have their god near them, as You, our God, are present everywhere to the faithful, to whom You give Yourself to be eaten and enjoyed for their daily solace…

Chapter 14. The Ardent Longing of Devout Men for the Body
of Christ

Chapter 15. The Grace of Devotion is Acquired Through Humility and Self-Denial

Chapter 17. The Burning Love and Strong Desire to Receive Christ
The Disciple
Let all people, races, and tongues praise You and with the greatest joy and most ardent devotion…And when they have received the longed-for devotion and blissful union, and…have retired from Your holy, Your celestial table…

God’s WORD

    “For all those things hath mine hand made…saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.”—Isaiah 66:2

    “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.”—Psalm 51:17

    “But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;

    “How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

    “These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.”—Jude 17–19

    “This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.”—James 3:15

    “For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power
    of God.”—1 Corinthians 1:18

Next Post: The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 A: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 3: Eucharist as Union or On Becoming Deity

God’s WORD

    “Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet,

    “Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest? Hath not my hand made all these things?”—Acts 7:48–50

    “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that
    he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands;

    “Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he
    needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath,
    and all things.”—Acts 17:24, 25

    “This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity
    of their mind,”—Ephesians 4:17

    “For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.”—2 Corinthians 11:3, 4

Although it may not be common knowledge, Roman Catholic doctrine (which can not be changed) teaches that by eating Jesus’ “real body” and drinking his “real blood” in the Eucharist, a person becomes one with Jesus (union with God).

Oneness with God, intimate union with the divine or transformed into Jesus—the terms all mean the same thing as becoming deity. This is what Satan offered Adam and Eve in the garden—eat something physical, and you will get godhood—something spiritual.

Catholic Catechism: The Eucharist, “Real Presence” and Union
The fruit of the sacramental life is that the Spirit of adoption makes the faithful partakers in the divine nature by uniting them in a living union with the only Son, the Savior.—Catechism of the Catholic Church 1129

Holy Communion augments our union with Christ. The principal fruit of receiving the Eucharist in Holy Communion is an intimate union with Christ Jesus.—Catechism of the Catholic Church 1391

The Eucharist, the “Real Presence” and Union in their own words
c. 347–407
John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom said that Jesus Christ…desired so to unite himself to us, as to become one and the same thing with us. ‘He mingled himself with us, that we might be one thing…’ (St Alphonsus: “The Holy Eucharist” )

Augustine of Hippo
As Augustine explains it…the Eucharist Christ…receives the church’s sacrifice “in the form of God” in union with God the Father. At the same time, Augustine adds, Christ “in the form of a servant” prefers to be the sacrifice rather than receive it.

In this way Christ is both the priest who offers the sacrifice and the oblation which is offered…” (civ. Dei 10.20).—Allan Fitzgerald, John C. Cavadini, Augustine Through the Ages: An Encyclopedia 

c. 1181–1226
Francis of Assisi

Let the whole of humanity tremble, the whole world shake and the heavens exult when our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God, is present on the altar in the hands of a priest…

That the Lord of the universe, God and the Son of God, so humbles Himself that for our salvation 
He hides Himself under the little form of bread…Therefore, hold back nothing of yourselves for yourselves so that He who gives Himself totally to you may receive you totally.”—Francis of Assisi

Thomas Aquinas

“It fits in perfectly with that charity of Christ which led him to take a real body having human nature and unite it to himself in order to save us. And because it is the very law of friendship that friends should live together, as Aristotle teaches, he promises us his bodily presence as a reward…

“In the meantime, however, he has not left us without his bodily presence in this our pilgrimage, but he joins us to himself in this sacrament in the reality of his body and blood…Hence this sacrament, because it joins Christ so closely to us, is the sign of the extreme of his love.—Thomas Aquinas (ST 3a.75.1) (pontifications.

c. 1380–1471
Thomas a Kempis

Thomas à Kempis’ book, “Imitation of Christ” has a whole section on union with Christ in the Eucharist which I will discuss in my next post.

St. Francis de Sales

‘In no other action can the Savior be considered more tender or more loving than in this, in which he annihilates himself, so to say, and reduces himself to food, in order to penetrate our souls, and to unite himself to the hearts of his faithful.’
—Francis de Sales (

Margaret Mary Alacoque
(1647 to 1690)
“Love keeps Him there [in the Blessed Sacrament] as a victim completely and perpetually delivered over to sacrifice for the glory of the Father and for our salvation. Unite yourself with Him, then, in all that you do…”—Margaret Mary

Peter Julian Eymard

“…There is a relation of life between Jesus living in the sacrament and ourselves living in the midst of the world: a relation of body to body. For that reason, this feast is not called simply the feast of our Lord, but the feast of the body of our Lord, Corpus Christi. 

Through this body, we touch him; through it, he is our food, our brother and our guest…If you feel that he loves you more, you will give yourself to him more entirely; and the result of these two loves will be perfect union. Therein lie holiness and perfection.”—From the Real Presence of Saint Peter Julian Eymard (

Pope John 23

“Every time I hear anyone speak of the Sacred Heart of Jesus or of the Blessed Sacrament I feel an indescribable joy…I am determined to give myself no peace until I can truly say I am absorbed into the Heart of Jesus.” (Pope John XXIII, Journal of a Soul) Timothy Terrance O’Donnell, Heart of the Redeemer: An Apologia for the Contemporary and Perennial Value

1895 to 1979
Archbishop Fulton Sheen

We are not called to great penances…but the Holy Hour is a sacrifice in union with Christ!

On Frequent and Daily Reception of Holy Communion

Issued and approved by Pope Pius X on December 20, 1905
But since it is plain that by the frequent or daily reception of the Holy Eucharist union with Christ is strengthened…parish priests, confessors and preachers, according to the approved teaching of the Roman Catechism should exhort the faithful frequently and with great zeal to this devout and salutary practice.

1905 to 1938
“Saint” Faustina
(see 1905

“Saint” Faustina…an “apostle” of the Mercy of the Heart of God, considered a special aspect of her life to be transformed into a living host. “Transform me in yourself, oh Jesus, that I may be a living sacrifice. I desire to atone at each moment for poor sinners,” she prayed.

“Her entire life, in imitation of Christ’s, was to be a sacrifice…she willingly offered her personal sufferings in union with Him to atone for the sins of others.”—

1978 to 2005
Pope John Paul II

During Eucharistic Adoration we share in Jesus divine life in a transforming union!

Note: some quotes are from or

Peter Kreeft, One Catholic to Another,
published by Inter varsity Christian Fellowship
This little booklet is a theologically twisted and unbiblical discussion between Dusty (who is called a Catholic Christian drifting into no church p. 9, and Sonny (the person informing of Catholic doctrine).

On p. 23, Sonny tells Dusty that Faith, which he says is letting Jesus come into your soul and life, is intimate like marriage. In fact, Sonny says, it is “like getting pregnant—letting God get your soul pregnant with his own life.”

The Year of the Eucharist
Week 23 “Our union with Christ [in the Eucharist], which is a gift and grace for each of us, makes it possible for us, in him, to share in the unity of his body which is the Church” (Art. 23).

Seeking the Face of the Lord:
The Eucharist transforms us into Christ
August 3, 2007
“…we are transformed when we receive Christ in the Eucharist. We are transformed into Christ.

Pope Benedict writes: “…This ‘eternal life’ begins in us even now, thanks to the transformation effected in us by the gift of the Eucharist…It is not the eucharistic food that is changed into us, but, rather, we are mysteriously transformed by it. Christ nourishes us by uniting us to himself…” (n. 70)

God’s WORD

    “But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.”—2 Timothy 3:13

    “And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.”—2 Peter 2:2

    “For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who
    live in error.”—2 Peter 2:18

    “Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:”—Colossians 1:13, 14

    “That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,”—Ephesians 3:17

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 2: Worshipping the Sun God (the host in the monstrance)

    “Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

    “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:

    “Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them…”
    —Exodus 20:3–5

    “And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man…”—Romans 1:23

    “But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

    “Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils:
    ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s table, and of the table
    of devils.”—1 Corinthians 10:20–21

    “Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.

    “Wherefore if they shall say unto you…behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.”—Matthew 24:23, 26

    “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded?”—1 Kings 8:27

Eucharistic Adoration, Eucharistic Devotion, Perpetual Adoration
“They speak about the real presence of Christ in the bread and wine. Things relating to it are called eucharistic. A consecrated communion wafer is called a host. Hosts that are left over after Mass are kept in a tabernacle, (a large, ornate container that can be locked). When hosts are in the tabernacle, a candle is lit. This enables Catholics to know that consecrated hosts are inside, so they can kneel and pray in front of the tabernacle as a form of eucharistic devotion. The tabernacle also protects the hosts by making it difficult to steal them.

When I was a Catholic, I sometimes attended special services called Adoration
of the Blessed Sacrament
. A large consecrated host was put in a monstrance [example]. (This is a large, ornate, metal container, in the basic shape of a daisy with a stem, plus a base so that it can stand up.) The monstrance looked like it was made of gold. It had a circular chamber in the middle which held a large, round host. The front of the chamber was glass, so you could see the host. Visually it looked like gold rays were coming out of the host.

The priest put the monstrance on the altar. We worshiped the host, believing
that it was Jesus. There were special prayers and special songs…At the end
of the service, we had Benediction. The priest held the monstrance and made the
sign of the cross with it. We believed that Jesus Christ Himself was blessing us.”
—Mary Ann Collins (A Former Catholic Nun)

When this adoration is, twenty-four hours a day, it is called perpetual adoration.

“…the host is comparable to a blazing fire whose flames spread out like rays all round it.’—Pere Teilhard, Mon Univers

Eucharistic Adoration and the sun god
The Eucharistic adoration or perpetual adoration of the host in the monstrance would seem to have roots in the pagan Worship of a Sun, which has been a part of many cultures throughout history.

The sacrifices offered on the altars of the [pagan] goddess were quite different
…the usual offering was a round cake, the symbol of the Sun. “The thin round cake,” says Wilkinson [“Egyptians”, vol. v. p. 353], “occurs on all altars.” This round cake was of course a symbol, both of the Sun, and of his Son, or incarnation, for the circle represented both the Sun’s disk and “The Seed.”

— John Garnier, “The Worship of the Dead: Or, The Origin and Nature of Pagan Idolatry and its bearing upon the early history of Egypt and Babylonia,” p. 345

In Assyria and Babylonia, Shamash was the name of the sun-god and god of justice. In the great temple of Babylon, the golden image of the Sun was exhibited for worship.

Sun worship was exceptionally prevalent in ancient Egyptian religion. Near the small town of Babain, in Upper Egypt, in a
grotto, there was at one time, a representation of a sacrifice to
the sun, where two priests are seen worshipping the sun’s image,
as in this woodcut.

The Egyptian sun god Aten’s only image was a disk—a symbol of the sun, seeming to represent both the god or spirit of the sun, and the solar disk itself…

The winged sun, symbol of Horus, later identified with Ra, is a symbol associated with divinity, royalty and power in the Ancient Near East (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, and Persia).
Nimrud 9th century BC

The winged symbol has also been found in the records of ancient cultures residing in various regions of South America as well as Australia.

Germanic mythology had a sun god, Sol; The Greeks had Helios, occasionally referred to as Titan or Apollo; Svarog was the Slavic god sun and spirit of fire.

The Aztecs had a sun disc with face in middle.

In the temple of Cuzco, in Peru, the disk of the sun was fixed up in flaming gold upon the wall, that all who entered might bow down before it.

According to the Inca mythology, Inti was the sun god.

In Hindusim, Surya is the chief solar diety personified…The ritual of sandhyavandanam, performed by some Hindus, is meant to worship the sun.

The solar gods are also important in Indonesia’s religious life and myth. The Sun revered as a “father” or “founder” of the tribe was common in Australia and on the island of Timor, where the tribal leaders are seen as direct heirs to the Sun god.

Quotes of Roman Catholics regarding Eucharistic Adoration

It is our duty to adore the Blessed Sacrament. No one receives the Blessed Sacrament unless he adores it…and not only do we not sin by adoring, we do sin by not adoring!—Augustine, 392 to 418

I beg you to show the greatest possible reverence for the Eucharist through whom all things have been brought to peace and reconciled with Almighty God!—Francis of Assisi, 1181 to 1226

“My greatest happiness is to be before the Blessed Sacrament, where my heart is, as it were, in Its centre.”
—Margaret Mary Alacoque, 1647 to 1690

A Holy Hour of Eucharistic Adoration is a sharing in the work of Redemption!—Archbishop Fulton Sheen, 1895 to 1979

Perpetual Adoration of the Most Blessed Sacrament is the devotion which surpasses all others!—Pope Pius X, 1903 to 1914

Eucharistic Adoration will make your soul everlastingly more glorious and beautiful in Heaven!
—Mother Teresa of Calcutta, 1910 to 1997

A Holy Hour of adoration testifies to the fact that the Jesus who died on the cross, is present in the Eucharist, and reigns in Heaven, are identical!—Pope Pius XII, 1939 to 1958

“…We are called not only to meditate and contemplate on this mystery of Christ’s love; we are called to take part…in the Holy Eucharist–this is also the meaning of perpetual adoration…”
Pope John Paul II, 1980

I ask everyone to intensify in coming months love and devotion to the Eucharistic Jesus!—Pope Benedict XVI, 2005 to Present

Adoration is to enter into profound heartfelt communion with the Lord, who makes Himself bodily present in the Eucharist!
—Pope Benedict XVI, 2005 to Present

I only wish to thank God that (Perpetual Eucharistic) adoration has been reborn everywhere in the Church!
—Pope Benedict XVI, 2005 to Present or

Soon after I started this blog, I ran across some convent sites that said they devoted themselves to Eucharistic or Perpetual Adoration. How very sad that people all over the world, all through the centuries have thought they were “right” with God and spiritual because of all the time they have spent worshiping a white wafer in a sun frame.

I didn’t know at that time (because I just now found out) that “the practice
of adoration” traces its roots to the fact that in monasteries and convents the Blessed Sacrament was an integral part of the structure of cloistered life.”
I pray that the Lord will open the eyes of some of these dear folk.

A few convents that devote themselves to Perpetual Adoration
Sisters of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration, Mishawaka, Indiana (

The Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration
Our lady of solitude monastery, Phoenix, AZ (

Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration, Canton, Ohio (
“…we follow the Rule of St. Clare of Assisi…lifestyle centered in Eucharist. His love draws us to offer ourselves in loving sacrifice in union with Jesus…As Franciscan contemplative women devoted to the Eucharist…

Benedictine Sisters of Perpetual Adoration (
Hearts afire with love, this small monastic community sacrificed much in order to give themselves entirely to Jesus Christ in the Eucharist through devoted work and prayer…

Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration (
“…on August 1, 1878, at 11 a.m., the congregation—then called the Sisters of St. Francis—began praying around the clock and soon thereafter became the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration. Two people have prayed before the Blessed Sacrament ever since…

Perpetual adoration sites in US (

Eucharistic adoration for children
Children of Hope is dedicated to leading children into the mystery of the Real Presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist…

God’s WORD

    “Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!”—Isaiah 5:20 

    “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:”—1 Peter 3:18

    “For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.”—Romans 6:10

    “I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:

    “Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.”— Galatians 1:6, 7

    “Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.”—Mark 7:13

    “Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.”—Ephesians 5:6

More links:
Alexander Hislop, Chapter IV Section III The Sacrifice of the Mass from “Two Babylons”