Category Archives: Emergent

The Real Presence in the Eucharist: American Evangelism through Education; Jesuit— Part II

God’s WORD

    “Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key
    of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that
    were entering in ye hindered.”—Luke 11:52

    “Ye have wearied the LORD with your words…When ye say,
    Every one that doeth evil is good in the sight of the LORD…
    —Malachi 2:17

    “Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put
    darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter
    for sweet, and sweet for bitter!”—Isaiah 5:20

    “The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments…”
    —Psalm 11:10

    “Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the
    knowledge of the truth.”—1 Timothy 2:4

Ignatius Loyola and the Society of the Jesuits
from “Sweet Land of Liberty,” by Charles C. Coffin, originally published 1879

“…Ignatius Loyola, who founded the society of the Jesuits…inspired others with his own lofty zeal. The members of the society went forth to convert the world…To bring about that end by any means were justifiable…

If they have been charitable and kind, they have also blackened history by the darkest of crimes.

If they have lifted men to higher and nobler lives, they have also sent myriads to prison, and burnt hundreds
of thousands at the stake.

Time has not quenched their zeal; and though three hundred and fifty years have passed since their organization, they are still making their power felt in every country, controlling the consciences and actions
of men.

Ignatius Loyola, the Roman Catholic Church, Jesuit Education

“Jesuit schools are a part of the apostolic mission of the church in building the Kingdom of God…The aim of Jesuit education is the
formation of principled, value-oriented persons for others…”
—#93, “Go Forth and Teach”

“Jesuit education…is faithful to the teachings of the church, especially in moral and religious formation…”
—#95, “Go Forth and Teach”

Jesuit Education then and now
The first Jesuits schools were started around 1545. 463 years later, Jesuit thought and goals have infiltrated and permeated all levels of society and culture around the world through the fields of education, intellectual research, cultural pursuits and centers for the training of lawyers and public officials, just as Pope Paul II encouraged in his Ecclesia America.

Jesuit high schools and colleges tout their teaching of academic excellence and their emphasis on the formation of the whole person: intellectually, physically, emotionally, socially, morally and spiritually. Theology is taught for the religious education of their Catholic students as well as to strengthen the faith of non-Catholics.

As of January 2008, there were over 160 Jesuit educational institutions—elementary, middle, and high schools; colleges, universities, seminaries, technical institutes, and centers for adult learning—located in over one hundred nations around the world. Jesuits also serve on the faculties of both Catholic and secular schools, just as Pope Paul II requested in his Ecclesia America.

There are 28 Jesuit colleges and universities and 46 Jesuit high schools in the
United States, and one in Puerto Rico.

These 28 US Jesuit Colleges/Universities enroll more than 183,000 students
and offer more than 260 undergraduate, graduate and professional programs
of study. There are well over one million living alumni who have shared in the
Jesuit tradition of educating men and women for others. jesuit.org/JesuitSchools/JesuitCollegeUniversity/default.aspx

The first Catholic and Jesuit higher education institution in the United States, Georgetown University, in Washington, DC, was founded by the Society of
Jesus in 1789. 

The Curriculum of Jesuit Schools
The official set of goals and objectives Jesuit educators were to follow in teaching the early grades through college, called in its shortened form, Ratio Studiorum, or Plan of Studies, was begun in 1586, and finalized in 1599.

Besides teaching the Roman Catholic faith, the Ratio Studiorum emphasized the study of Latin, Greek, classical literature, poetry, and philosophy as well as non-European languages, sciences and the arts. The study of literature written in the native tongue (not Latin) and rhetoric were also encouraged.

Go Forth and Teach: the Characteristics of Jesuit Education
Today’s vision for Jesuit schools is found in the 1986 document, Go Forth and Teach: the Characteristics of Jesuit Education, an updated version of the Ratio Studiorum.

Excerpts from Go Forth and Teach are posted on Are You Aware.

The influence of Jesuit education in today’s world
The terms and phrases in Go Forth and Teach: the Characteristics of Jesuit Education, reminded me of educational input I have received in my almost 40 years of involvement in education, either as a student, including a Master’s degree in elementary education; or as an elementary teacher for ten years in a public school system in the 1970s, and as a homeschool teacher for 22 years.

In the 1970s, the college classes I took and the elementary education workshops
I attended emphasized developmental stages of growth, independent learners,
values clarification, children working at their own pace, and the need
for continuing education for adults (since education is a life-long process)—
each of these phrases, as well as others, are discussed in Go Forth and Teach.

Some of the predominant themes and emphases in Homeschooling—worldview, critical thinking, classical education, training leaders, and character training
(to mention a few)—are also characteristics of a Jesuit education.

Warning from Charles Chiniquy 1886
In four chapters of his book, Fifty Years in the Church of Rome, written 120 years ago, (and reviewed on Just the Book), Charles Chiniquy (1809–1899), who had grown up in the Roman Catholic education system and become a priest, well aware of the influence of the Jesuits, warned against getting entangled with a Catholic or Jesuit education.

More research to read
The following links go to my AYA site. I suggest reading them to get a glimpse of the massive Jesuit influence on our American society.

The Training to Become a Jesuit

Jesuit High Schools and a Few Alumni

Ignatian Worldview and Jesuit Education
Go Forth and Teach: The Characteristics of Jesuit Education, excerpts

Georgetown University, Georgetown Law, Mission and Ministry

A Few Georgetown University Alumni

28 Jesuit colleges and Universities in the US and some of their Alumni

God’s WORD

    “Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood:”—Psalm 144:11

    “The light of the body is the eye…but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.”—Luke 11:34

    “For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.”—Proverbs 2:6

    “And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient,

    “In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

    “And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.”
    —2 Timothy 2:24–26

The Real Presence in the Eucharist: American Evangelism through Education, Part I—Catholic

God’s WORD

    “When wisdom entereth into thine heart…understanding
    shall keep thee:

    “To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man
    that speaketh froward things;

    “Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways
    of darkness;

    “Who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of
    the wicked;

    “Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths:”
    —Proverbs 2:10–15

    “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain
    deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the
    world, and not after Christ.”—Colossians 2:8

Evangelizing centers of education, Ecclesia in America, John Paul II

    71. Education can play an outstanding role in promoting the inculturation of the Gospel.

    …Catholic centers of education, and those which, although non-denominational, are clearly inspired by Catholic principles, will be able
    to engage in authentic evangelization only if at all levels including that
    of the university they clearly preserve their Catholic orientation.

    The content of the education they impart should make constant reference to Jesus Christ and his message as the Church presents it in her dogmatic and moral teaching.

    Only in this way will they train truly Christian leaders in the different spheres of human activity, and in society, especially in politics, economics, science, art and philosophical reflection. 267

    Hence, it is essential that the Catholic university be truly both things at once: a university and Catholic...

    Pastoral work in Catholic universities will therefore be given special attention: it must encourage a commitment to the apostolate on the part of the students themselves, so that they can become

    the evangelizers of the university world. 269

    In addition, cooperation between Catholic universities throughout America needs to be encouraged, for their mutual enrichment; 270

    this will help put into effect, at the university level too, the principle of solidarity and interchange between the peoples of the whole continent.

    In the overall work of the new evangelization, the educational sector occupies a place of honor.

    For this reason, the activity of all Catholic teachers, including those working in non-denominational schools, should be encouraged.

    I also make an urgent appeal to men and women religious not to abandon this field which is so important for the new evangelization. 274

Pope Benedict to Catholic Educators, Catholic University 4/17/2008
Wash., D C publicaffairs.cua.edu/Releases/2008//PopeBenedictSpeech.cfm

    “…Again, we see why fostering personal intimacy with Jesus Christ and communal witness to his loving truth is indispensable in Catholic institutions of learning.

    The Church’s primary mission of evangelization, in which
    educational institutions play a crucial role
    , is consonant with
    a nation’s fundamental aspiration to develop a society truly worthy of the
    human person’s dignity…the Church never tires of upholding the essential
    moral categories of right and wrong… 



    Teachers and administrators, whether in universities or schools, have the duty and privilege to ensure that students receive instruc-
    tion in Catholic doctrine and practice.

    This requires that public witness to the way of Christ, as found
    in the Gospel and upheld by the Church’s Magisterium, shapes
    all aspects of an institution’s life,
    both inside and outside the
    classroom. Divergence from this vision weakens Catholic identity…

    
”…lay and Religious teachers of catechesis…must also be
    ready to lead the commitment
    made by the entire school community
    to assist our young people, and their families, to experience the harmony between faith, life and culture.

Roman Catholic Education
To help the pope out with his goal of evangelization through education,
is the Roman Catholic education system with 200,000 Catholic educators,
7.6 million students and 8000 Catholic elementary and secondary schools,
religious education programs, seminaries, colleges and universities. (ncea.org/about/index.asp)

As far as higher education, there are 245 Catholic higher education institutions
in the United States. In 2006, it was estimated there were more than 686,000
students enrolled in 215 Catholic higher education institutions in the US.

According to the Vatican’s Congregation for Catholic Education, approximately 12.5% of the world’s Catholic colleges and universities are located in the United States. There are approximately 1,861 Catholic colleges and universities worldwide.

To be right in everything, we ought always to hold that the white which I see, is black if the hierarchical Church
so decides it.
—Thirteenth Rule of Ignatius Loyola’s Spiritual Exercises

Ignatius Loyola, The Society of Jesus, and Jesuit Educators
Major help for the Pope and his goal of evangelization through education has been in place since the mid-1500s from The Society of Jesus or Jesuits started by the Spaniard, Ignatius Loyola, also the originator of the Jesuits’ Spiritual Exercises. Considered Ignatius’ greatest contribution to the Church, the Spiritual Exercises are the basis for the Spiritual Disciplines of today’s emergent church.

    Benedict XVI 4/22/2006 to the Society of Jesus

St. Ignatius of Loyola was first and foremost a man of
God who in his life put God, his greatest glory and his
greatest service, first. He was a profoundly prayerful
man for whom the daily celebration of the Eucharist
was the heart and crowning point of his day.

    Sketches from Church History, S. M. Houghton, p. 135

The Jesuits were a Catholic order founded in 1534, by
Ignatius Loyola, a Spaniard, their chief aim being the
complete extermination of Protestantism. They called
their Order the Society of Jesus.

Responsible only to the Pope and exempted from all
other jurisdiction, they bound themselves by oath to unconditional obedience to the Pope.

Country, friends, personal interest, even private opinion and conscience were nothing; the rules of the Order were everything to them.

They specialized in providing a high standard of education for the sons of the nobility, and by this means their influence was enormous.

They penetrated into all the relationships of life and obtained possession of secret information that would further their aims.

The most notorious principle of the Society of Jesus was, “the end justifies the means”. Hence they would engage in murder
if they judged that the Catholic Church would benefit by it…”

Some background links to read
The following links on my Are You Aware site give the necessary background
for my next post, The Real Presence in the Eucharist: American Evangelism
through Education, Part II—Jesuit.

Catholic Schools in the US and Four conservatives with some Roman Catholic Education.

Ignatius Loyola and the Society of Jesus.

Ignatius Loyola’s Spiritual Exercises/Ignatian Spirituality.

God’s WORD

    “Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge
    of the truth.

    “…so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.”—2 Timothy 3:7. 8

    “But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:”
    —Titus 2:1

    “Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

    “But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:”
    —2 Timothy 1:9, 10

The Real Presence in the Eucharist: American Evangelization Through Media

God’s WORD

    “It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.”—Psalm 118:8

    “If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; He is proud,
    knowing nothing…”—1 Timothy 6:3, 4

“For the new evangelization to be effective, it is essential to have a deep understanding of the culture of our time in which the social communications media are most influential…knowledge and use of the media…is indispensable”.—John Paul II

Evangelization through media, Ecclesia in America, John Paul II

    72. Using the media correctly and competently can lead to a genuine inculturation of the Gospel…initiatives to make the Gospel effectively present…

    the training of pastoral workers for this task;

    the support of high-quality production centers;

    the careful and effective use of satellite and other new technologies;

    teaching the faithful to be “critical” in their use of the media;

    joining forces in order to acquire and manage new transmitters and TV and radio networks, as well as coordinating those already in operation…

    Business people should be encouraged to provide economic support for quality products promoting human and Christian values. 278

NEA: New Evangelization of America Mission Statement
“NEA is a Pan-American organization which seeks to use and help coordinate media communications to bring about the “New Evangelization.”

letter of recommendation for NEA from the Vatican
From the Vatican, January 4, 1999
Dear Bishop Grahmann,
The Holy Father was pleased to receive your letter forwarding the plan of evangelization approved at the NETA 200 Conference held in Dallas last month. He wishes me to assure you and your Brother Bishops of his gratitude for your efforst to promote the new evangelization of America according to the vision…set forth in his Post Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Ecclesia in America…

NEA and movies

    NEA has been blessed to present early previews of some of the finest Catholic Christian movies produced in recent years.

    Thérèse
    January 2003 conference featured…[the] true story of St. Thérèse of Lisieux…in the movie Thérèse.

    The Passion of the Christ
    In January 2004, NEA hosted a special preview of The Passion of the Christ, by Mel Gibson, with…Jim Caviezel as special guest…

    Bella
    The 2007 NEA Conference…played a special preview of Bella…

Star Quest Production Network
Leading the way in Catholic New Media

(SQPN)’s first Catholic New Media Celebration, 6/22/2008
in conjunction with the Eucharistic Congress, Atlanta, Georgia

It’s a day of learning about the technologies that make up the heart of Catholic New Media.

It’s Catholic: the Eucharist will be the heart of the celebration!

    “The new media—telecommunications and internet in particular—are changing the very face of communication
    —Pope Benedict XVI, message for the 42nd World Communications Day

Catholic Radio Association

    Global Catholic Radio Conference
    October 8–11, 2008
    It is now necessary that the Good News be spread by the invaluable medium of radio available to us.

Institute for World Evangelism, ICPE Mission
Theme: To Know Christ and make Him known

    NEA (New Evangelisation of America) has had an alliance with the Institute for World Evangelization—ICPE Mission, since January 2007. Founded by Mario and Anna Cappello, the Catholic ICPE Mission was dedicated to the formation and training of Catholics so that they may become more effective evangelisers.

Inspirational Films and Institute for World Evangelisation sign Jesus Film agreement

    The Jesus Film originated by Bill Bright, founder of Campus Crusade,
    was distributed in 1979. In 1981, Bill created the Jesus Film Project organization with the goal of accurately translating Jesus into other languages and showing them around the world.

    In April 1999, Inspirational Films and the ICPE Institute for World Evangelisation signed an agreement in which the Pontifical ICPE
    Institute for World Evangelisation
    was given permisssion to prepare a Catholic Edition of the film JESUS.

    The ICPE Institute also prepared their own literature, for the follow-up
    of Film JESUS which would be used as “evangelization” worldwide.

    The Institute for World Evangelisation established Millennium Films International (MFI) to proclaim the “gospel” through the distribution
    of the film JESUS.

Millennium Films International

    The International Office of the Institute for World Evangelisation,
    in Rome since the summer of 1998, is also the main headquarters of Millennium Films International.

    Millennium Films International has translated the film in various languages. Our goal is to reach every nation, tribe, people and tongue, helping them see and hear the story of Jesus in a language they can understand…

    [JTB comment: Is this the Jesus of the Bible?]

film JESUS

    Through the use of the film JESUS and other means of mass communication, Millennium Films International aims to evangelise
    and to help parish communities, families and individuals worldwide
    to renew their personal faith and love for Jesus.

      Film Jesus Statistics
      May 2000: Jubilee Edition of the film JESUS won the Grand Prix
      of the XV International Catholic Film Festival, Warsaw, Poland.

      Rome in 2000: over 1.5 million videocassettes in 7 languages were given as gifts…

      World Youth Day—film JESUS was shown to an estimated 2.2 million people..

      Eucharistic Congress, Argentina—60,000 packages of the film JESUS in Spanish distributed

      Ukrainian version—20,000 copies crowds gathered with Pope
      John Paul II in Ukraine

      Malta —110,000 videocassettes of film JESUS distributed to every household.

      In 2002, distribution of approximately 2,000,000 copies of the film JESUS in various Asian countries started…

      Thousands of copies of the film JESUS in Arabic were distributed
      in Middle Eastern countries.

      World Youth Day in Germany—50,000 DVDs were distributed…

      June 2006 meeting of Pope Benedict XVI with Ecclesial Movements: 10,000 DVDs of film JESUS were distributed.

    Bill Bright letter

    March 18, 2002
    Mr. and Mrs. Mario Cappello
    Institute for World Evangelisation
    Rome, Italy
    Dear Mario and Anna:
    Warm greetings with Christ’s great love from our beautiful Lake Hart campus!

    Thank you so much for your letter of February 15, and your kind and gracious words. I am humbled and honored that our great God and Savior has used us and Campus Crusade for Christ in some small way to help impact souls for His Kingdom. To Him be all praise and glory!

    I rejoice over every report of what God is doing in the Catholic world. My special prayers for you and Pope John Paul II.

    It is so exciting to hear about what you and your ministry are accomplishing for the cause of our Lord. I consider it a privilege to work alongside you in the greatest spiritual harvest of all time.

    Warm affection in Christ.

    Yours for fulfilling the Great Commission each year until our Lord returns,
    Bill Bright
    Founder of Campus Crusade International

    More reference on Bill Bright:
    Fellowship of the Burning Heart 1947
    Evangelicals and Catholics Together

    God’s WORD

      “The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.”—Psalm 119:130

      “Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.”—Psalm 119:133

      “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.”—2 Timothy 2:15

The Real Presence in the Eucharist: The Evangelization of the Americas

God’s WORD

    “Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works,

    but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given
    us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

    “But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

    “Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
    —2 Timothy 1:9, 10, 13

Ecclesia in America: The way to conversion, communion and solidarity in America—Pope John Paul II, Mexico, 1999

    Ecclesia in America, subtitled, The way to conversion, communion and solidarity in America, is an exhortation that John Paul II addressed to the “Church in America” [Roman Catholic Church], and lays out a plan for the evangelization of the Americas.

    Ever since the publication of Ecclesia in America, Canada’s bishops have actively promoted the document, describing it as a “pastoral road map for the Catholic Church in the Americas” that guides us in living the Gospel in the new millennium…” Ecclesia in America emphasizes the need for a new evangelization…”

The Roman Catholic Plan for Evangelizing the Americas
The plan for Evangelizing the Americas by the Roman Catholic Church will
be the subject of my next posts, and will complete my Real Presence in the
Eucharist
series.

It was unnerving to me to read the evangelization plan for America as I have heard some of these same words spoken by folk that I did not think were
Catholic and my observation is that some of the objectives mentioned in this
“evangelization” plan are already happening.

This post will quote excerpts from the first part of the exhortation to show that the document, Ecclesia in America, is very much connected with the Eucharist which is believed to be the source and summit of the Roman Catholic Church’s life, and the way of globalization of solidarity—unity or agreement.

The remaining posts in the series will concentrate on the end of John Paul II’s Ecclesia America, in which he specifies ways to carry out the evangelization of America. I will be using quotes from the Ecclesia America document regarding use of Media, Culture, Education and Politics to implement the agenda and then show how these directives are already happening.

Two comments before presenting excerpts from the Ecclesia in America text.
The text mentions the pilgrim church but actually is referring to the Roman Catholic Church. The Ecclesia in America is NOT promoting the true gospel
of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Of possible interest: A History of Catholic America: From Columbus to the 20th Century Written and Edited by E. Phillips Mantz and Rev. Michael J. Roach

Excerpts from Ecclesia in America—The Church in America: On the Encounter with the Living Jesus Christ: The Way to Conversion, Communion, and Solidarity in America,
Pope John Paul II, Mexico City, January 22, 1999

    Introduction
    1. …the Church in America has recently celebrated the fifth centenary of the first preaching of the Gospel on its soil. The commemoration made all American Catholics more deeply aware of Christ’s desire to meet the inhabitants of the so-called New World so that, gathering them into his Church, he might be present in the continent’s history.

    The evangelization of America is not only a gift from the Lord; it is also a source of new responsibilities

    This command applies to the whole Church; and, in this moment of her history, the Church in America is called to take it up and respond with loving generosity to the fundamental task of evangelization. This was what my Predecessor Paul VI, the first Pope to visit America, stressed at Bogota: It will be our task…

    “…Realizing the greatness of the gifts received, the pilgrim Church in America wishes to bring the whole of society and every man and woman to share in the riches of faith and communion in Christ.

    2. On October 12, 1992, the very day marking the five hundredth anniversary of the first evangelization of America, I spoke at the opening of the Fourth General Assembly of the Latin American Bishops in Santo Domingo…

    11. …Throughout the continent, from the time of the first evangelization, “the Gospel was proclaimed by presenting the Virgin Mary as its highest realization. From the beginning ” invoked as Our Lady of Guadalupe”, Mary…

    Chapter II. The Christian identity of America
    14. “…America’s Christian identity is not synonymous with Catholic identity. The presence of other Christian communities, to a greater or lesser degree in the different parts of America, means that the ecumenical commitment to seek unity among all those who believe in Christ is especially urgent.32

    31. …Therefore, the Church in America “must give a clear priority to prayerful reflection on Sacred Scripture by all the faithful”.90

    This reading of the Bible, accompanied by prayer, is known in the tradition of the Church as lectio divina, and it is a practice to be encouraged among all Christians….

    Chapter IV
The Path to Communion
    The Church, sacrament of communion

    34. “…The journey of Christian initiation comes to completion and reaches its summit in the Eucharist, which fully incorporates the baptized into the Body of Christ. 104

    “These sacraments are an excellent opportunity for an effective evangelization and catechesis…

    35. The Eucharist is more than simply the culmination of Christian initiation…the Eucharist is the living and lasting center around which the entire community of the Church gathers…it is at one and the same time a Sacrament of Sacrifice, Communion and Presence. 109

    The Eucharist is the outstanding moment of encounter with the living Christ. For this reason, by their preaching and catechesis, the Pastors of the People of God in America must strive “to give the Sunday Eucharistic celebration new strength, as the source and summit of the Church’s life

    Leading children to encounter Christ
    48. Children are God’s gift and a sign of his presence. “There is a need to accompany children in their encounter with Christ, from Baptism to First Communion, since they are part of the living community of faith, hope and love”. 182 …

    Elements of communion with other Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities
    49. Between the Catholic Church and the other Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities there exists a drive…nourished by prayer, dialogue and joint action…

    It was suggested in the first place “that Catholic Christians, Pastors and faithful foster cooperation between Christians of the different confessions, in the name of the Gospel, in response to the cry of the poor, by the promotion of justice, by common prayer for unity…” 187

    Also to be promoted…are meetings of experts from the different Churches and Ecclesial Communities aimed at facilitating ecumenical dialogue. Ecumenism should be a subject of reflection and shared experience between the different Catholic Episcopal Conferences in America.

    Although the Second Vatican Council refers to all those who are baptized and believe in Christ as “brothers and sisters in the Lord”, 188 it is necessary to distinguish clearly between Christian communities, with which ecumenical relations can be established, and sects, cults and other pseudo-religious movements.

    Chapter V
The globalization of solidarity
    55. The Church in America is called not only to promote greater integration between nations, thus helping to create an authentic globalized culture of solidarity, 204

    but also to cooperate with every legitimate means in reducing the negative effects of globalization, such as the domination of the powerful over the weak, especially in the economic sphere, and the loss of the values of local cultures in favor of a misconstrued homogenization.

    “…The Church in America must be constantly concerned to provide for the effective evangelization of those recent arrivals who do not yet know Christ. 238

    Chapter VI
The Mission of the Church in America Today:
    The New Evangelization

    66. “…the new and unique situation in which the world and the Church find themselves at the threshold of the Third Millennium…calls for a new program which can be defined overall as a “new evangelization”. 244

    As the Church’s Supreme Pastor, I urgently desire to encourage all the members of God’s People, particularly those living in America…to take up this project and to cooperate in carrying it out…

    The encounter with Christ spurs evangelization
    68. “…This mission has become particularly urgent today in America, five hundred years after the first evangelization…

God’s WORD

    “Thy testimonies that thou hast commanded are righteous
    and very faithful.

    “My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten thy words.

    “Thy word is very pure: therefore thy servant loveth it

    “I am small and despised: yet do not I forget thy precepts.

    “Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy
    law is the truth.”—Psalm 119:138–142

The Real Presence in the Eucharist: The Eucharist as Evangelism and the resulting Eccumenism

God’s WORD

    “But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.”—2 Timothy 3:13

    “Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?”—2 Corinthians 6:14

    “And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.”—Ephesians 5:11

    “And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:”—1 Corinthians 2:4

    “And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.”—Colossians 2:4

“…Marsha was baptized, confirmed, and married, and received her First Communion, all in about thirty minutes.

“‘I was never so happy as that day,’ she recalls, ‘and I remember telling you how extraordinary it was to take communion at last, and you spoke about Communion as coming together in an incomparable way with God…in such a complete, loving way. That was the first time I experienced it. Since then I have experienced it in so many different ways!’

“In case you wonder, this almost intuitive sense of the centrality of the Mass and Communion is far from being uncommon among prospective Catholics. Another woman, formerly an Evangelical Protestant and now an enthusiastic Catholic, says that when she was looking into the Church, she quickly realized that if she could settle ‘the issue of the Eucharist,’ then ‘eventually all the other things—the infallibility of the Pope, praying to Mary and the saints, and the rest—would fall into place.’ And they did. When you think about what Mass and Communion are, that stands to reason.”
Good News, Bad News: Evangelization, Conversion and the Crisis of Faith
by C. John, III McCloskey, Russell Shaw p. 24

The Eucharist: Focus of the New Evangelization of the R C Church
Instead of forcing the Eucharist belief on people through threat of torture or death as in old times, (not that there isn’t still persecution for those that don’t believe as the Roman Church in some countries), the more recent plan has
been (not that it is the only plan) ecumenical—to entice separated brethren or those of different beliefs, back to the worship of the Eucharist through dialogue about things they believe in common or Common Ground thinking.

Part of the dialogue/common ground/eccumenical agenda has been to find terms and causes such as culture, worldview, family, pro-life, conservative government, “Christian” nation, morality, and values which many evangelicals (and others) can agree with.

The plan is that through dialoguing about these “good” things all can agree on (common ground), eventually, evangelicals and others will be brought into the Roman Catholic Church and their Eucharistic Jesus which is the source and summit of their belief as stated in the Roman Catholic Catechism.

One of the main emphases is making the culture moral/biblical. Putting a moral template on people, culture, or nations is not the answer God gives in his Word for man’s wicked heart. The true gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ tells how He wants to rescue everyone from this evil world.

    “This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners…”
    —1 Timothy 1:15

    “Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:”—Galatians 1:4

But the ruler of the kingdom of darkness, a murderer and father of lies (John 8:44), continues to deceive people through dialog/common ground/ecumenism
to get all people everywhere to worship the Eucharist (as the real Jesus), and fall in line with the agenda of the Roman Catholic Church.

Eucharistic Evangelisation/Evangelization
Before continuing with my series of posts on the Real Presence in the Eucharist,
I think it is necessary to stress that there really is a massive push for Eucharistic Evangelization using dialogue about beliefs held in common to bring all into the Roman Catholic Church. This is not a recent plan. Different facets of it have been in effect since the early 1900s, possibly as early as 1850s. [There has always been a plan, I’m referring to the ecumenical thrust.]

The following research is posted on my new site: Are You Aware.

There is a plan to evangelize using the Eucharist.
The Roman Catholic Catechism and the importance of the Eucharist.

Eucharistic Evangelization

The New Evangelization

Rekindling the Amazement of the Eucharist

How Evangelicals have come to agree with the RCC
Ecumenism
The Roman Catholic Church believes they are the Universal Church. They are enticing people by implying all can agree on something for the good of “the Church”, but they (RCC) have no idea of ever changing their doctrine.

Dialogue
Did you know there have been dialogues with different church denominations going back to 1965?

Common Ground

World Council of Churches Document: Excerpts on the Eucharist

Pre-Evangelicals and Catholics Together
Events before the Evangelicals and Catholics Together Document, 1992

Evangelicals and Catholics Together
Read about Bill Bright, Chuck Colson and others.

World Youth Day
223,000 registered pilgrims, including 110,000 from 170 nations officially attended WYD 2008 in Sydney Australia.

God’s WORD

    “And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.”—1 John 2:2

    “And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness.”—1 John 5:19

    “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world…”
    —Revelation 12:9

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 5 B cont’d: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

Pope Benedict revives The Tridentine Mass from 1570–1572, ok’d by the Council of Trent, contained in the 1962 Roman Missal

Pope Poised To Revive Latin Mass, Official Says
By Alan Cooperman 10/13/2006

Old rite wins new Mass appeal July 30, 2007

“Don’t pray at Holy Mass, but pray the Holy Mass.”
Pope Saint Pius X

Listing of Latin Mass Churches and Communities
This page was updated on January 9, 2012. “…Extraordinary form of the Roman Rite (previously called the Latin, traditional or Tridentine Mass per the 1962 Missal) in the USA and Canada.

Mel Gibson and the Latin Mass
Exactly what type of Catholic is Mel Gibson?
“…Several years ago, Mel Gibson told the press: ”I go to an all-pre-Vatican II Latin mass…”

“According to various sources, Gibson shares many beliefs of the Traditionalist Catholic movement which rejects some or all reforms started by the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s.

“…Mel Gibson funded the construction of a church not affiliated with the local Roman Catholic diocese, the Holy Family Chapel in Agoura, California. This church conducts a Latin mass and observes Traditionalist Catholic doctrine.”

‘The Passion’…for its author, is a Mass 2/18/2004
Vittorio Messori on Mel Gibson’s Work

The Passion of Mel Gibson 02/20/04
Why evangelicals are cheering a movie with profoundly Catholic sensibilities. by David Neff

The Return of the Latin Mass October 12, 2006
By Jeff Israely, Rome and David Van Biema, New York


The Roman Church still believes the Eucharist is
Jesus’ real body and real blood

John Paul 2 and the Eucharist
On the Mystery and Worship of the Eucharist
Promulgated by Pope John Paul II on February 24, 1980
“…Therefore in eucharistic Communion we receive Christ, Christ Himself; and our union with Him…brings it about that in Him we are also associated in the unity of His body which is the Church.

Only in this way…is there brought about that building up of the Church, which in the Eucharist truly finds its “source and summit,” according to the well-known expression of the Second Vatican Council.[18]”

On the Way to Jesus Christ
by Joseph Ratzinger, Current Pope

This book…concludes with reflections on Jesus’ Presence in the Holy Eucharist, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church’s presentation of the Christian mystery as seen through the Catechism’s dynamic view of Sacred Scripture.

Chapter 6. Daily Bread and Eucharistic Bread:
A meditation for the Feast of Corpus Christi
Chapter 7. Eucharist–Communio–Solidarity:
Christ Present and Active in the Blessed Sacrament

On the Eucharist, “‘Treasure’ of the Church”
From Benedict XVI’s address at Vatican City,
June 18, 2006.


“The Eucharist is, in fact, the “treasure” of the Church, the precious heritage that her Lord has left her. And the Church guards this heritage with the greatest care, celebrating it daily in the holy Mass, adoring it in churches and chapels, distributing it to the sick, and as viaticum to those on their last journey.

“…the Eucharist is the Lord Jesus…

“…the Eucharist also has cosmic value: The transformation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ constitutes, in fact, the principle of divinization of creation itself.

“This is why the feast of Corpus Christi is characterized particularly by the tradition of carrying the Blessed Sacrament in procession, a gesture full of meaning.

“By carrying the Eucharist through the streets and squares, we wish to submerge the bread descended from heaven in the everyday of our lives; we want Jesus to walk where we walk; to live where we live. Our world, our lives, must become his temple…

“Mary is the “Eucharistic woman…Let us pray to the Virgin that all Christians may deepen their faith in the Eucharistic mystery, so that they live in constant communion with Jesus…”

College Student steals “Jesus” (the consecrated host)
The Student That Stole The Body of Christ
University of Central Florida student, Webster Cook, took the Eucharist, a small wafer that represents the Body of Christ during communion, out of the church to show a friend a sample of the wafer. Now the student claims that he fears for his life, reporting that he has received death threats and other disturbing messages from Catholic enthusiasts…

Catholic League comments:
Florida Student Abuses Eucharist July 7, 2008
“…Catholic League president Bill Donohue offered the following remarks today:
“For a student to disrupt Mass by taking the Body of Christ hostage—regardless of the alleged nature of his grievance—is beyond hate speech. That is why the UCF administration needs to act swiftly and decisively in seeing that justice is done. All options should be on the table, including expulsion.”

“Body Of Christ’ Returned To Church After Student Receives Email Threats: July 9, 2008 Orange County, FL

The Roman Catholic Church wants All, Everyone (that means YOU) to celebrate the Eucharist as “Jesus’ Real blood and body”

Ecumenism ultimately points toward a common Eucharist,
Pope tells Christians
Sydney, July 18, 2008 (CNA)
Fifteen leaders of the Australian Christian church met the Pope in an Ecumenical event held in the St. Mary’s Cathedral Crypt on Friday morning. In his address to the church leaders, Benedict XVI called on them to not view doctrine as divisive since that view can prevent Christians from working to improve the world…

While Baptism is the starting point for ecumenical dialogue, the Pope said that, “The road of ecumenism ultimately points towards a common celebration of the Eucharist. We can be sure that a common Eucharist one day would only strengthen our resolve to love and serve one another in imitation of our Lord.”

God’s WORD

    “They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.”
    —Psalm 82:5

    “They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.”—Psalm 14:3

    “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,”—Luke 4:18 (Isaiah 61:1)

    “For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.”—Luke 19:10

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 B: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

God’s WORD

    “A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

    “By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.”—John 13:34

    “But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.”—Matthew 23:13

    “And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.”—Luke 22:25

Are the Council of Trent’s anathemas still in force? Does the Roman Church still believe the Eucharist is Jesus’ real blood and body?
The last post discussed the Council of Trent’s anathemas and what happened to those who would not agree that the Eucharist was Jesus’ body and blood. What about Now?

Because the church of Rome believes they are the only true church and salvation comes from them, not only are the anathema’s still legal, but there is a push towards uniting the whole world through the Eucharist.

The anathema’s have never been revoked

“I can find nothing in the Code [of 1983] now in force that explicitly or implicitly removes any anathemas of Trent.”
—Mr. Charles M. Wilson, an associate member of the Canon Law Society of America and president of the St. Joseph Foundation

The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition is now The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

“The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition” established in 1542, was staffed by Dominican cardinals and other officials whose task it was “to maintain and defend the integrity of the faith and to examine and proscribe errors and false doctrines.”

As of 1983, the name is “The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith” (CDF). The current pope was the head of the Congregation
(as it is sometimes called) before becoming Pope Benedict.

From “grand inquisitor” to pope: Peter Schwarz 4/21/2005
“…In 1981, three years after his appointment as pope, John Paul called upon Ratzinger to take up the position of supreme guardian
of the faith in Rome…”

The Roman Church has never disowned it’s right to persecute

[The Congregation of Inquisition] served as the final court of appeal in trials of heresy…[and] remained one of the most feared offices in 16th century Europe, and elsewhere in the Catholic world, due especially to its use of torture and execution, including immolation.

“…In short, no blame attaches to the Church for her behavior towards heresy in those rude days. On the whole, the Inquisition was humanely conducted…”—Inquisition

“The duty proper to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is to promote and safeguard the doctrine on the faith and morals throughout the Catholic world: for this reason everything which in any way touches such matter falls within its competence.”
Article 48 of the Apostolic Constitution promulgated by Pope John Paul II on June 28, 1988

“…for punishment does not take place primarily and per se for the correction and good of the person punished, but for the public good in order that others may become terrified and weaned away from the evils they would commit.”—Directorium Inquisitorum

Infallible Rome

The Roman Catholic Church, their dogma, the pope (including his ex cathedra declarations), the bishops dispersed throughout the world in union with the Holy See, the magisterium (the teaching body) and ecumenical councils are all infallible according to RCC doctrine.
Infallibility, Infallibility of the Church, Papal Inallibility,
Magisterium, Roman Catholic Dogma

The RC Church says salvation comes only from them, the true and universal church; others are separated brethren because of their stance on the Eucharist

The Dominus Iesus declaration says there is “No Salvation outside the church.” It was declared and approved by the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, signed by then Cardinal Ratzinger and then secretary Archbishop Bertone and aproved by John Paul II, Published August 6, 2000.

“…Above all else, it must be firmly believed that “the Church, a pilgrim now on earth, is necessary for salvation…The Church is the “universal sacrament of salvation…”—The official text of the document from the Congregation for the doctrine of the faith #20

Catholicism is only path to salvation, says pope
By Nicole Winfield Associated Press writer, July 11, 2007
“Pope Benedict XVI reasserted the primacy of the Roman Catholic Church, approving a document released Tuesday that says other Christian communities are either defective or not true churches and Catholicism provides the only true path to salvation.

“…The new document—formulated as five questions and answers—restates key sections of a 2000 text the pope wrote when he was prefect of the congregation, “Dominus Iesus,” which riled Protestant and other Christian denominations because it said they were not true churches but merely ecclesial communities and therefore did
not have the “means of salvation.”

Pope: Other denominations not true churches
Benedict issues statement asserting that Jesus established
‘only one church.’—MSNBC News Services July 10, 2007

Encyclical Letter “Ecclesia de Eucharistia” of His Holiness Pope
John Paul II…On the Eucharist in Its Relationship to the Church
(April 17, 2003)

30. …”The Ecclesial Communities separated from us lack that fullness of unity with us which should flow from Baptism, and
we believe that especially because of the lack of the sacrament
of Orders they have not preserved the genuine and total reality
of the Eucharistic mystery…

The Catholic faithful, therefore, while respecting the religious convictions of these separated brethren, must refrain from receiving the communion distributed in their celebrations, so as not to condone an ambiguity about the nature of the Eucharist…

Vatican II presented Roman Catholic beliefs in more eccumenical terms, but did not change the teachings of the church

Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II
Vatican II, (the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church), opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. Four future popes were present:
Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini—Paul VI
Bishop Albino Luciani—John Paul I
Bishop Karol Wojtyła—John Paul II
Joseph Ratzinger (35), present as a theological consultant—current Pope Benedict XVI.

“…The Second Vatican Council…presented the basic elements of the Catholic faith in a more understandable, pastoral language, without changing the teachings of the Church.
—Wolfgang Beinert Lexikon der katholischen Dogmatik, Herder, Freiburg, 1988 p. 89

Pope condemned pentecostals and other sects as rapacious wolves

Pope to Visit ‘Pentecostalized’ Brazil
…In his opening address to the fourth general conference of Latin American bishops, which was held in the Dominican Republic in 1992, the normally ecumenical Pope John Paul II condemned pentecostal and other sects as “rapacious wolves” who are devouring Latin American Catholics and “causing division and discord in our communities.”—by Luis Lugo, May 9, 2007

John Paul cries ‘wolf:’ misreading the Pentecostals

Edward L. Cleary 1992

Hispanics turn evangelical, Christian Century, December 14, 1994

The “Real Presence” in the Eucharist Part 5 B cont’d: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part A cont’d: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then

God’s WORD

    “But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.

    “As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.”—Galatians 1:8, 9

    “Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.”—1 Peter 3:9

    “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.”—Matthew 10:28

Note: This list is very abbreviated as are the biographies. There is much more to the story of these godly men who believed God’s Word and did not render evil for evil.

A few who were killed because they would not believe Jesus’ real body and blood were in the Eucharist

John Badby, a tailor and layman March 1409
“…they demanded of him what he believed about the bread. John answered that it was hallowed bread, and not God’s body. A tun (beer cask) was put over him, and a fire set.

And when he felt the fire, he cried, Mercy! calling belike upon the Lord. The prince immediately commanded to take away the tun, and quench the fire and asked him if he would forsake heresy, to take him to the faith of holy church…

When Mr. Badby refused, the prince commanded him straight to be put again into the pipe or tun…

Illustration of the horrible burning of John Badby.

John Oldcastle, Lollard leader 1417
“…Oldcastle…insisted the bread was still bread (did not become the literal body of Christ)…

[Oldcastle was] condemned as heretic for denying transubstantiation and “hung and burnt hanging” in St Giles’s Fields, London, 1417. Wood engraving.

Six Articles Act of 1539 in England revived death by burning as a penalty for denying transubstantiation.
Because of this act many, often quite humble folk were tried by Church courts and tried according to whether they believed the wafer used in the Mass was changed in substance at its consecration into Christ Himself bodily. If they said the host and wine were NOT the real Jesus, they were burnt alive…

John Rogers 1555
“I was asked whether I believed in the sacrament to be the very body and blood of our Savior, Christ, that was born of the Virgin Mary and hanged on the cross really and substantially.

I answered, ‘I think it could be false. I cannot understand really and substantially to signify otherwise then corporeally, but corporeally Christ is only in heaven and so Christ cannot be corporeally in your sacrament.’ And therefore he was condemned and burned.”—John Rogers, from Foxe’s book of Martyrs.

Dr. Rowland Taylor, a pastor 1555
“My second cause why I was condemned an heretic is, that I denied Transubstantiation and Concomitation (meaning-that the bread/wine body/blood of Christ literally coexist together with one another at the
same time),

“two juggling words of the papists, by the which they do believe, and will compel all other to believe, that Christ’s natural body is made of bread, and the Godhead by and by to be joined thereunto;

“so that immediately after the words called ‘the words of consecration,’ there is no more bread and wine in the sacrament, but the substance only of the body and blood of Christ together with his Godhead…

“This matter was not long debated in words: but because I denied the aforesaid papistical doctrine (yea rather, plain, most wicked, idolatry, blasphemy and heresy), I was judged a heretic.

“I did also affirm the pope to be antichrist, and popery antichristianity. And
I confessed the doctrine of the Bible to be sufficient doctrine, touching all and singular matters of Christian religion, and of salvation.”—Dr. Taylor

Dr. Rowland Taylor was convicted and burned at the stake for heresy.

Derek Carver of Brighton July 22, 1555
“Ye think ye can make a God. Ye make a pudding.” He said this at his trial in St Mary’s Church-Over-the-Water. Derek was burnt at Lewes on 22nd July 1555.

William Wolsey and Robert Piggot, October 16, 1555
“The sacrament of the altar was an idol and the natural body and blood of Christ were not present in the said sacrament and to this opinion they said they would stick, believing the same to be no heresy, that they had affirmed but the very truth, whereupon they would stand.”

They were burnt at Ely, Cambridgeshire on 16th October 1555.

Nicholas Ridley, English clergyman, died 1555
“White told Ridley that he had been condemned as a heretic…for denying the Real Presence, that there could be no further argument about this, and that unless Ridley recanted he would be condemned and burned as a heretic; but he urged Ridley to acknowledge Papal Supremacy and the Real Presence, and told him that the queen would pardon him if he recanted.

“Ridley refused to recant, denounced both Papal Supremacy and the Real Presence, and asked to be allowed to address the court and justify his attitude.”

“Ridley spoke a bit, but then was forced to quit speaking and White condemned Ridley as a heretic…

“Ridley…denied that the sacrament of the altar (Eucharist) was the true and natural body and blood of Christ, and said that after the words of consecration, it was really bread and wine which remained. For this, Ridley was condemned and burned.”—Bloody Mary’s Martyrs: The Story of England’s Terror
by Jasper Ridley p. 113

Maerten Janss, Corn Porter,
Jan Hendrickss of Swartewael, Steersman, February 5, 1572

“Both men were condemned to death with fire by the judges of the city of Delft…

“They also hold very evil views concerning the mass, despising and utterly rejecting the holy sacrament of the altar…”

Maerten and Jan were “to be led upon the scaffold erected in the marketplace of this city, and there to be tied to a stake and burned till death ensues…

“We furthermore declare all their property confiscated and forfeited for the benefit of his royal majesty…

“Done the fifth of February, A. D. 1572, Delft Style.”
—Extracted from the first book of criminal sentences, fol. 195, preserved in the archives of the city of Delft, 23d of August, A. D. 1659.

George Bucker, also called Adam Damlip,
was drawn, hanged and quartered for his preaching against transubstantiation and the propitiatory sacrifice of the mass.

God’s WORD

    “O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.”
    —Psalm 84:12

    “Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.”—Romans 12:19

    “Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

    “Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.—Isaiah 55:6, 7

    “I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.”—John 12:46

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 B: Council of Trent’s Anathemas—Now

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 A: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then

God’s WORD

    “If ye love me, keep my commandments.”—John 14:15

    “This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.”—John 15:12

    “Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words…”—John 14:23

Council of Trent and Anathemas against unbelief in the Real Presence in the Eucharist
Between December 1545 and December 1563, the Council of Trent (the 19th Ecumenical Council) defined Roman Church Doctrine and then listed Anathemas—judgment and condemnation against anyone who did not agree.

An infallible teaching by a pope or ecumenical council is considered definitive and binding and usually has an accompanying anathema (formal curse by a pope or a council of the Church), stating that anyone who deliberately dissents is outside the Catholic Church…

Anathema pronouncement ceremony
The Pope in a purple cope, held a lighted candle, and was joined by twelve priests, each with a lighted candle. The anathema concluded with these words:

Wherefore in the name of God the All-powerful, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, of Blessed Peter…

we deprive (Name) himself and all his accomplices and all his abettors of the Communion of the Body and Blood of Our Lord,

we separate him from the society of all Christians,

we exclude him from the bosom of our Holy Mother the Church in Heaven and on earth,

we declare him excommunicated and anathematized and we judge him condemned to eternal fire with Satan and his angels and all the reprobate,

so long as he will not burst the fetters of the demon, do penance and satisfy the Church; we deliver him to Satan to mortify his body, that his soul may be saved on the day of judgment.

The priests respond: “Fiat, fiat, fiat” (Let it be done), and all, including the pontiff, cast their lighted candles on the ground.

Notice is sent in writing to the priests and neighbouring bishops of the name of the one who has been thus excommunicated and the cause of his excommunication, in order that they may have no communication with him.

Although he is delivered to Satan and his angels, he can still, and is even bound to repent.

On the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist; Excerpts from the Text of the Council of Trent

Anathemas condemning anyone that rejects the Most Holy Eucharist or its Adoration

“If any one denieth, that, in the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist, are contained truly, really, and substantially, the body and blood together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently the whole Christ; but saith that He is only therein as in a sign, or in figure, or virtue; let him be anathema.”—Thirteenth Session CANON I

“If any one saith, that, in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist, Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, is not to be adored with the worship…neither to be venerated with a special festive solemnity, nor to be solemnly borne about in processions…or, is not to be proposed publicly to the people to be adored, and that the adorers thereof are idolators; let him be anathema.”—Thirteenth Session CANON VI

Anathema condemning anyone who does not believe in Transubstantiation

If any one saith, that, in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist, the substance of the bread and wine remains conjointly with the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denieth that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood—the species Only of the bread and wine remaining—which conversion indeed the Catholic Church most aptly calls Transubstantiation; let him be anathema. Thirteenth Session CANON II
http://history.hanover.edu/texts/trent/ct13.html
and http://www.geocities.com/peterpaulmin/CoucilofTrent.html

The Roman Catholic Church justifies repressive measures against those who did not believe the Eucharist is Christ’s real blood and real body
Basing their beliefs on “infallible” church doctrine, popes, church fathers, tradition, and scripture they have twisted, the Roman Catholic church’s leaders and councils, completely disregarded Jesus command to love one another and ones enemies, and justified their torturing and burning to death of fathers, mothers, children, even annihilating whole groups of people because they
would not agree with Roman Church doctrine.

“… for punishment does not take place primarily and per se for the correction and good of the person punished, but for the public good in order that others may become terrified and weaned away from the evils they would commit.”—Directorium Inquisitorum, edition of 1578, Book 3, page 137, (translated from Latin)

There is no room in the constitution of the Roman church “for private judgment sorting essentials from non-essentials.” It is
seen as “revolt against a Divinely constituted authority.”
—from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07256b.htm

“All repressive measures cause suffering or inconvenience of some sort…But they are not therefore cruel…Opponents say: Precisely; the rigours of the Inquisition violated all humane feelings. We answer: they offend the feelings of later ages in which there is
less regard for the purity of faith…”
—from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07256b.htm

“…all those are damned who see the Sacrament of the Body of Christ which is consecrated on the altar in the form of bread and wine by the words of our Lord in the hands of the priest, and do not see or believe in spirit and in God that this is really the most holy Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.”—Francis of Assisi

“…It is the spiritual mystery that unites the Eucharist to us…Yet some heretics disclaim the truth of the presence of Christ in the Eucharist. To some, it appears scandalous to eat the flesh and drink the blood of Christ… The body of Christ is not related to place…It is not divided into parts, but is entire in every single one…Every consecrated bread is converted into the entire Body of Christ.”—Aquinas, From Summa Contra Gentiles, Book 4, Chapters 61 to 69

In the next post (5A continued) I am going to list just a very few of the people killed for the “heresy” of not believing the Eucharist was Jesus’ real body and blood. Often, there was more than one “heresy” charge, such as believing salvation was by faith alone, believing the Bible was the only authority or not baptizing babies.

Is it reasonable to kill or torture people, even wiping out whole groups because they do not agree that the host and wine become Jesus’ real body and real blood? That is not Jesus’ way.

    “But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;”—Matthew 5:44

Part 5A Continued

The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 4: Thomas à Kempis’ “The Imitation of Christ”

    “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like
    the most High.”—Isaiah 14:14

    “And then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ;
    or, lo, he is there; believe him not:

    “For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall
    shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible,
    even the elect.”—Mark 13:21, 22

    “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;”—2 Timothy 4:3

    “That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight
    of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”—Ephesians 4:14

Meister Eckhart, Gerard Groote and Brothers of the Common Life
“Simply defined, mysticism is the immediate experience of oneness with God. It is this experience that characterized the teaching of Meister Eckhart (1260–1327), who sparked a mystical movement in western Germany.

“Eckhart was a well-educated Dominican theologian…whose message on the union of the soul with God was typical of mysticism. According to Eckhart, such a union was attainable by all who pursued it wholeheartedly. Eckhart’s movement spread from Germany into the Low Countries, where it took on a new form called the Modern Devotion, founded by Gerard Groote (1340–1384).

“After a religious conversion, Groote entered a monastery for several years of contemplation before reentering the world. His messages were typical of a practical mysticism. To achieve true spiritual communion with God, people
must imitate Jesus and lead lives dedicated to serving the needs of their fellow
human beings…

“Eventually, Groote attracted a group of followers who came to be known as
the Brothers of the Common Life…They also established schools throughout Germany and the Netherlands in which they stressed their message of imitating
the life of Jesus by serving others…”
—Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715, by Jackson J. Spielvogel, p. 303

Thomas à Kempis, The Imitation of Christ
At age 15, Thomas à Kempis (1380–1471) went to a school conducted by the Brethren of the Common Life. Thomas, thought to be the the author of the
short devotional book, The Imitation of Christ, was a follower of Geert Groote mentioned above, and Florentius Radewijns, the founders of the Brethren
of the Common Life.

The Imitation of Christ, first published anonymously, in Latin, ca. 1418,
is a short manual of devotion, named for the title of the first of four books.
TIOC was heavily influenced by the mystic goal of oneness with God and the
Modern devotion of Gerard Groote and the Brothers of the Common Life.

Thomas was apparently (accidentally) buried alive, in that splinters were later found embedded under the fingernails of his corpse. He was denied canonization on the grounds that a saint would not fight death in this way.
—Wilkins, R.: A History of Man’s Obsession and Fears, 1990

A couple sources claim that The Imitation of Christ is second to the Bible in
being widely read. The Imitation of Christ is praised by Protestants and Roman Catholics; the Jesuits give it an official place among their “exercises;” and it is in full conformity with the Catholic faith both of the time it was written and with the Catholic faith today.

The teaching in The Imitation of Christ is 180-out (the complete opposite) of what is taught in God’s Word. TIOC with its major wresting of scripture, is a very contemplative book, focused on suffering, doing good works to appease God and be holy, guilt trips from the Voice of Christ who was unkind and demanding to the Disciple, and references a number of Roman Catholic doctrines such as purgatory, as well as other unbiblical thinking.

But mostly, TIOC promotes the actual eating of Jesus’ body in the Eucharist
(in a very sensual manner, alluding to a physical marriage relationship to God)
as the way to be holy and become Jesus (have oneness/union/divinity with god). One can apparently eat “Jesus” and achieve holiness and divinity, but never be completely forgiven of sins.

God’s WORD

    “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”—Romans 6:23

    “Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.”
    —John 17:17

I have included a few quotes (PG-13) from the 18 short chapters in An Invitation to the Holy Communion, one of the four short books in TIOC. In these few chapters, a harsh, condescending Voice of Christ instructs a Disciple on how to have oneness with God through the Holy Communion (Eucharist) by eating the real body and the real blood of Jesus, doing good works, and what sounds like eucharistic adoration.

This is not the Jesus of the Bible, but another Jesus and another gospel. To me, the book destroys confidence in the goodness and kindness of the Lord and His Word, presenting Man’s Word and experience as an alternative—isn’t that what the serpent did in the garden?

excerpts: An Invitation to the Holy Communion from
Imitation of Christ by Thomas à Kempis

Chapter 3. It Is Profitable To Receive Communion Often
The Disciple
“…my heart desires to be united with You. Give me Yourself…You Who have
left Yourself in this Sacrament for the consolation of the faithful…

Chapter 7. The Examination of Conscience and the Resolution
to Amend

The Voice of Christ
“…For there is no more worthy offering, no greater satisfaction for washing away sin than to offer yourself purely and entirely to God with the offering
of the Body of Christ in Mass and Communion.

Chapter 8. The Offering of Christ on the Cross; Our Offering
The Voice of Christ
Offer yourself to Me, therefore, and give yourself entirely for God…I even
gave My whole Body and Blood for food that I might be all yours, and you
Mine forever.

Chapter 12. The Communicant Should Prepare Himself for Christ with Great Care
The Voice of Christ
“…You have need of Me. I do not need you…You come to be sanctified and united with Me…

Chapter 13. With All Her Heart the Devout Soul Should Desire Union with Christ in the Sacrament
The Disciple
“…Surely there is no other people so fortunate as to have their god near them, as You, our God, are present everywhere to the faithful, to whom You give Yourself to be eaten and enjoyed for their daily solace…

Chapter 14. The Ardent Longing of Devout Men for the Body
of Christ

Chapter 15. The Grace of Devotion is Acquired Through Humility and Self-Denial

Chapter 17. The Burning Love and Strong Desire to Receive Christ
The Disciple
Let all people, races, and tongues praise You and with the greatest joy and most ardent devotion…And when they have received the longed-for devotion and blissful union, and…have retired from Your holy, Your celestial table…

God’s WORD

    “For all those things hath mine hand made…saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.”—Isaiah 66:2

    “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.”—Psalm 51:17

    “But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;

    “How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

    “These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.”—Jude 17–19

    “This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.”—James 3:15

    “For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power
    of God.”—1 Corinthians 1:18

Next Post: The Real Presence in the Eucharist Part 5 A: The Council of Trent Anathemas—then